Grand Jury Harshly Criticizes Philadelphia Archdiocese for Hiding
Clergy Sexual Abuse
By David OReilly and Nancy Phillips
Philadelphia Inquirer Staff Writers
September 21, 2005
A Philadelphia grand jury this morning issued a scathing critique
of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia, saying its former archbishops
and other leaders concealed and facilitated clergy sex abuse of
children for decades.
The grand jury, which investigated the archdiocese for more than
three years, concluded that at least 63 priests - and probably many
more - sexually abused hundreds of minors over the past several
But even more disturbing, the jurors found, was the coverup by
the two previous archbishops, Cardinals John Krol and Anthony J.
Bevilacqua who, they concluded, "excused and enabled the abuse"
and put the legal and financial interests and moral reputation of
the archdiocese ahead of protecting the children entrusted to its
"Those choices went all the way to the top - to Cardinal Bevilacqua
and Cardinal Krol personally," the report states.
"...The behavior of Archdiocese officials was perhaps not
so lurid as that of the individual priest sex abusers. But in its
callous, calculating manner, the Archdiocese's "handling"
of the abuse scandal was at least as immoral as the abuse itself."
Even so, District Attorney Lynne M. Abraham said that "regrettably,"
her office could bring no new charges against abusive priests, church
officials or the archdiocese itself. She said legal problems, most
notably the statute of limitations, meant criminal conduct would
In a blistering 70-page response, the church rejected virtually
the entire report, calling it "a vile, mean-spirited diatribe"
- comparable to the "rampant Know-Nothingisms of the 1840s,"
a notorious period of anti-Catholic prejudice.
While condemning priests that abused, the church response vigorously
defends Cardinal Krol and Bevilacqua. It says the DA's report is
"rife with mistakes, unsupported inferences and misguided conclusions."
The grand jury found that Krol, who served as archbishop from 1961
to 1988, and Bevilacqua, who served from 1988 to 2003, left abuser
priests in parishes where they had access to children, or reassigned
them to other parishes without notifying even the pastor.
The cardinals typically removed priests only when faced with the
threat of lawsuit or scandal, the report found, and some archdiocesan
leaders regularly lied to victims and their families when asked
if an abuser had a prior record. Priest abusers were transferred
to other parishes to hush up allegations; as a result, other children
were victimized, the report found.
"What we found were not acts of God, but of men who acted
in His name and defiled it," the grand jury said.
The victims of the abuse included:
* An 11-year old girl who was raped by her priest and became pregnant.
The priest took her in for an abortion.
* A fifth-grader who was molested inside a confessional booth.
* A 12-year-old who, raped and sodomized by his priest, tried to
commit suicide and remains in a mental hospital as an adult.
* Another 12-year-old boy, repeatedly raped by his priest, was
told by that priest that his mother had approved of the abuse.
Although outraged that so much abuse was allowed to go on for so
long, the grand jury said with regret that a host of inadequate
state laws prevented it from issuing any criminal indictments against
the archdiocese or its leadership for its role in these crimes.
Because the allegations were old, priests couldn't be prosecuted
because of a statute of limitations. And church officials couldn't
be charged because of other gaps in state law.
"We are left, then, with what we consider a travesty of justice:
a multitude of crimes for which no one can be held criminally accountable,"
the report said.
As a result, it called on the state legislature to enact a broad
array of new legislation, including a recall of the statute of limitations
related to adult sexual abuse of minors.
The 418-page report, containing 27 profiles of individual abusers,
is unrelenting in its descriptions of priest sexual abuse, and unsparing
in its criticism of Krol, Bevilacqua and other church officials
for failing to protect children. It details numerous examples:
* One priest, described as "one of the sickest people I ever
knew" by the Archdiocese official in charge of investigations,
was allowed by Bevilacqua to remain a priest with full access to
children - until the sex abuse scandal broke in 2002.
* One archdiocese official comforted a priest abuser by suggesting
that perhaps the priest had been "seduced" by his victim
- who was 11 years old.
* Bevilacqua "agreed to harbor a known abuser" from another
diocese, after the priest's activities there started becoming known.
The practice was known as "bishops helping bishops."
In response, the church said the report unfairly maligned the motives
of the cardinals. "Cardinal Bevilacqua's remarkable record
of service belies the report's vicious treatment of him...This personal
attack against a longstanding leader in our community was neither
accurate, nor necessary."
In a press conference, Philadelphia District Lynne Abraham fired
back at the church's rebuttal, saying it was filled with the "all-too-familiar
denials, deceptions and evasions" that she said had characterized
the church's handling of the abuse crisis.
She said the response gave her no confidence that the church's
responses to abuse complaints "will be better in the future."
- The Grand Jury Report